Diabetes Medications: Diabetes is an ailment that causes high glucose levels (or sugar) in the body’s blood.
It happens when your body can’t make or use insulin correctly. Insulin is a constituent that helps your body use sugar from the food you eat.
There are two kinds of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. People with either type of diabetes need medication to keep their blood sugar levels normal.
Diabetes Medications – The types of medications depend on the type of diabetes. This article provides information on drugs that treat both types of diabetes to help you understand the treatment options available to you.
Table of Contents
Type 1 Diabetes Medications
Insulin is the most common medication used to treat type 1 diabetes.
If you have type 1 diabetes, your body cannot produce insulin. The goal of treatment is to change the insulin that your body cannot make.
Insulin also use in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It gives by injection and comes in various forms. You need to rest on how low your insulin stores are the type of insulin you need.
- regular insulin (Humulin and Novolin)
- Firstly, Insulin Aspart (Novolog, Flexpen, Fiasp)
- Insulin Glulisine (Apidra)
- Also, Insulin Lispro (Humalog)
- Isophane-Insulin (Humulin N, Novolin N)
- Insulin Degludec (Tresiba)
- And also, Insulin Detemir (Levemir)
- Also, Insulin Glargine (Lantus)
- Insulin Glargine (Toujeo)
- Novolog Mixture 70/30 (Insulin Aspart Protamine-Insulin Aspart)
- Humalog Mixture 75/25 (Insulin Lispro Protamine-Insulin Lispro)
- Also, Humalog Mixture 50/50 (Insulin Lispro Protamine-Insulin Lispro)
- Humulin 70/30 (NPH Human Insulin-Regular Human Insulin)
- Novolin 70/30 (NPH Normal Human Insulin)
- Also, Rayzodeg (Insulin Degludec-Insulin Aspart)
Pramlintide (SymlinPen 120, SymlinPen 60) is an amylin mimetic. It is an injectable drug that uses before meals.
It works by delaying the time it takes for the stomach to empty. Reduces glucagon secretion after eating. It lowers blood sugar levels.
It also reduces hunger through a central device.
Medications for Type 2 Diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, your physique types insulin but no longer usages it properly.
Your body cannot produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels. The goal of your treatment is to help your body use insulin better or remove excess sugar from your blood.
Most type 2 diabetes medications are oral medications. However, some of them are available in the form of injections. Some persons with type 2 diabetes might also need insulin.
These medicines help your body break down starches and table sugar. This effect lowers blood sugar levels.
For best results, these medications should take before meals. These medicines include:
- Acarbose (Precose)
- Miglitol (Gliese)
Biguanides reduce the amount of sugar produced by the liver. They reduce the amount of sugar absorbed by the intestines, make the body more sensitive to insulin, and also help the muscles absorb glucose.
The most mutual biguanide is metformin (Glucophage, Metformin hydrochloride ER, Glumetza, Riomet, Fortamet).
Metformin can also be collective with other medicines to treat type 2 diabetes. It is one of the following medicines:
- Metformin-Alogliptin (Kazano)
- Metformin-Canagliflozin (Invokamet)
- Also, Metformin-Dapagliflozin (Xigduo XR)
- Metformin-Empagliflozin (Sinjardi)
- Metformin Glipizide
- Also, Metformin-Glyburide (Glukovans)
- Metformin-Linagliptin (Jentadueto)
- Metformin Pioglitazone (Actoplus)
- Also, Metformin-Repaglinide (Prandimet)
- Metformin-Rosiglitazone (Avandamet)
- Also, Metformin-Saxagliptin (Kombiglyze XR)
- Metformin-Sitagliptin (Janumet)
Bromocriptine (Cycloset) is a dopamine agonist.
It not know exactly how this drug treats type 2 diabetes. It may affect your body’s rhythms and also prevent insulin fights.
Dipeptidyl Peptidase-4 (DPP-4) Inhibitors
DPP-4 inhibitors help the body continue to variety insulin. They work by lowering blood sugar without causing hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
These medications can also help the pancreas make more insulin. These medications include:
- Alogliptin (Nesin)
- Alogliptin-Metformin (Kazano)
- Also, Alogliptin-Pioglitazone (Autumn)
- Linagliptin (Tragenta)
- Linagliptin-Empagliflozin (Glyxambi)
- Also, Linagliptin-Metformin (Jentadueto)
- Saxagliptin (Ongliza)
- Also, Saxagliptin-Metformin (Kombiglyze XR)
- Sitagliptin (Januvia)
- Sitagliptin-Metformin (Janumet And Janumet XR)
- And also, Sitagliptin And Simvastatin (Juvisink)
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 Receptor Agonists (GLP-1 Receptor Agonists)
These medications are similar to a natural hormone called incretin.
They increase the growth of B cells and increase the amount of insulin used by the body. And they reduce craving and the amount of glucagon used by the body. They also delay the emptying of the stomach.
These are all important activities for people with diabetes.
In some people, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, heart failure, or chronic kidney disease may predominate over diabetes. In these cases, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends certain GLP-1 receptor agonists as part of an antihyperglycemic regimen.
These medications include:
- Also, Albiglutide (Dance)
- Dulaglutide (Trulicity)
- Also, Exenatide (Payette)
- Long-Acting Exenatide (Bydureon)
- Also, Liraglutide (Victoza)
- Semaglutide (Ozempic)
These medicines help your body release insulin. However, they can lower blood sugar levels too much in some cases.
These medications are not for everyone. They understand:
- Nateglinide (Starlix)
- Repaglinide (Prandin)
- Also, Repaglinide-Metformin (Prandimet)
Sodium-Glucose Transporter Inhibitors (SGLT) 2
Sodium-glucose transporter inhibitors (SGLT) 2 prevent glucose from being stored in the kidneys. Instead, your body gets rid of glucose through urine.
In cases where atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, heart failure, or chronic kidney disease predominates, the ADA recommends SGLT2 inhibitors as a potential treatment option.
- Dapagliflozin (Farksiga)
- Also, Dapagliflozin-Metformin (Xigduo XR)
- Canagliflozin (Invokana)
- Also, Canagliflozin-Metformin (Invokamet)
- Empagliflozin (Jardians)
- Empagliflozin-Linagliptin (Glyxambi)
- Also, Empagliflozin-Metformin (Sinjardi)
- Ertugliflozin (Steglatro)
It is one of the oldest diabetes drugs still in use today. They work by stimulating the pancreas with beta cells. It causes your physique to make more insulin.
These medications include:
- Glimepiride (Yellow)
- Glimepiride-Pioglitazone (Duetact)
- Also, Glimepiride-Rosiglitazone (Avandaril)
- Also, Glipizide (Glucotrol)
- Glipizide-Metformin (Metaglip)
- Glyburide (Diabetes, Glinase, Micronase)
- Also, Glyburide-Metformin (Glukovans)
- Chlorpropamide (Diabinesis)
- Tolazamide (Tolinase)
- Also, Tolbutamide (Urinaz, Tol-Tab)
Thiazolidinediones lower glucose levels in the liver. They also help fat cells use insulin better.
These drugs relate to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. If your doctor prescribes any of these medications. And also, your heart will monitor during treatment.
- Firstly, Rosiglitazone (Avandia)
- Also, Rosiglitazone-Glimepiride (Avandaril)
- Rosiglitazone-Metformin (Amaryl M)
- Pioglitazone (Aktos)
- Pioglitazone-Alogliptin (Autumn)
- also, Pioglitazone-Glimepiride (Duetact)
- Pioglitazone-Metformin (Actoplus Met, Actoplus Met XR)