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Cold Sore – Description, Symptoms, Risk Factors, and More

Cold Sore

Cold Sore is a group of small, painful blisters caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). They are also called herpes or herpes simplex.

Up to 90% of people worldwide have at least one form of HSV.

Symptoms are usually more pronounced with first herpes. First, herpes can become seriously ill in a child.

After the first outbreak, your body should produce antibodies, and you may never get infected again. But for many people, herpes comes back.

Cold Sore Symptoms

Herpes most often appears on the outside of the mouth and lips but can also appear on the nose and cheeks.

You can have herpes up to 20 days after being infected. An ulcer may appear near where the virus entered your body.

Herpes occurs in Stages:

You may also have red or swollen gums, swollen glands in your neck, fever, or muscle pain.

Early Infections can also Cause:

Risk Factors for Cold Sore

Herpes is not usually serious, but the infection can be life-threatening for someone with a weakened immune system due to AIDS, another illness, or medication.

If you have a serious skin condition called eczema, you may develop cold sores on large areas of your body.

Diagnosis of Cold Sore

Your doctor can diagnose the herpes virus just by looking at the blisters. They may also take an example from the blister and test the fluid for HSV.

Treatment of Cold Sore

There is no cure for herpes. If you have a virus, it stays in your body. Wounds themselves usually heal on their own within 1-2 weeks.

Antivirals can speed up healing, especially if you take them at the first sign of an outbreak. Your doctor may recommend that you use:

Some home remedies may help you feel better during your recovery:

Complications of Cold Sore

Complications of herpes are rare but can occur if the virus spreads to another part of your body, including:

Seven best Remedies of Cold Sore

  1. Lemon Balm
  2. Over-The-Counter Antivirals.
  3. Ice Cream
  4. Aloe Vera
  5. Sunscreen
  6. Reduce Stress
  7. Ibuprofen or Acetaminophen

Prescription Treatment

Herpes virus usually goes away on its own after a few days, but several prescription treatments can help speed healing time.

If you have several outbreaks per year, you can even take oral antivirals throughout the year to prevent attacks altogether. These procedures include:


Cold Sore, often called cold sores, is a collection of small, fluid-filled blisters. You may feel a tingling sensation on your lip before a small, hard, painful spot appears (above). After a day or two, blisters form, which then burst and ooze (below). Healing usually occurs in two to three weeks without scarring.

Also Read: High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

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